The IUFM : a unique place for the training of all education
CRPE : State recruitment exam for teaching in primary
CAPES : State recruitment exam for teaching a
mainstream subject in secondary education
CAPET : State recruitment exam for teaching a
technical subject in secondary education
CAPEPS : State recruitment exam for teaching physical
education and sports in secondary education
CAPLP : State recruitment exam for teaching in vocational
upper secondary education
CPE : State recruitment exam for pastoral education counsellors
CAFEP : State recruitment exam for teaching in private
Pastoral education counsellors, primary school teachers, and
secondary school teachers* :
- are recruited with a bachelor’s degree or equivalent
- belong to the same pay scale system
- have identical opportunities for career development
All are trained in an IUFM. The teacher training institutes propose
courses specific to each level of teaching and subject that include
common components and prepare prospective teachers and counsellors for
their future careers.
* Some secondary school teachers, having validated
the first year of a master’s degree can choose to take a competitive
exam called «agrégation». Successfull candidates will benefit from a
different pay scale and career development opportunities.
Careers in education in France
The school system in France
In secondary education
(high school ; main stream and technical college ;
- Secondary subject teachers
usually teach one subject.
They are employed in high schools ; and mainstream and technical
- Vocational subject teachers
teach their specialist subjects.
They are employed in vocational colleges.
- Pastoral education counsellors,
have a counselling and administrative role
They are in charge of students’ attendance and liaise with parents
and the authorities.
They are employed in high schools and colleges..
In primary education
(nursery and primary school)
- Primary school teachers
are employed either in nursery schools or primary schools.